Basement mold removal is important for a number of reasons. Exposure to mold in the home has been linked to a number of health problems, ranging from mild respiratory problems and allergic reactions to serious and even life-threatening conditions like pneumonia and bleeding in the lungs. If you have mold in basement areas, it can quickly spread to other areas of the home, increasing the risk to your health and requiring extensive, costly mold remediation. Addressing basement mold promptly protects both your health and your home.
By understanding why mold might develop in basements, you can take steps to prevent it. Mold develops in basements for many reasons, including:
Before beginning the process of removing mold from your basement, you need to make sure you've located all areas of mold. Mold often grows in hard-to-find places, such as under carpet, inside walls, and inside heating, ventilation and air conditioning ducts. Follow this link to learn more about looking for hidden mold. If you want to be sure you haven't overlooked any mold, you can have a professional come in to inspect your home. Many mold remediation professionals offer free home inspections. In a moment, we'll tell you how to schedule one.
Remove any items not affected by mold from the work area before you get started. The process of removing mold causes mold spores to spread and if you're not careful, you'll end up spreading mold to unaffected areas and making matters worse. Any items that cannot be moved away from the work area should be covered with sheets of heavy plastic. If the carpet or other flooring in the work area is not moldy, cover it with plastic sheets to keep mold spores off the floor.
If only part of the basement is affected by mold, you'll want to block off the work area from the rest of the basement so that mold doesn't spread to other areas during the mold removal process. Use two-by-four 's and heavy sheets of plastic to section off your work area.
Of course, you'll need to make sure you have personal protective gear before handling any moldy materials or working around mold. This includes disposable gloves (latex or vinyl), an N-95 or N-99 face mask, disposable shoe covers, and a disposable hair cover. You can purchase disposable coveralls as well, or just wear pants and long sleeves that you'll launder in hot water as soon as you're finished working. If the mold removal takes more than one day – and mold removal often takes several days or more – you'll need a new set of personal protective gear each day.
The mold removal process involves first removing all moldy materials that cannot be adequately cleaned. Such items might include upholstered furniture such as sofas, mattresses, papers, books, cardboard boxes, carpet, and even drywall. Since it is nearly impossible to completely remove mold from porous materials such as these, they must be discarded and replaced.
Before carrying moldy materials upstairs and through the house, items should be securely wrapped in heavy sheets of plastic or enclosed in heavy plastic trash bags. That way you won't inadvertently spread mold to other areas of the home. Of course, if the basement has its own entrance, use that instead of carrying moldy materials through the house.
After removing all materials that cannot be adequately cleaned, mold must be removed from non-porous surfaces such as tile, concrete, metal, and glass. Mold can be removed from most non-porous surfaces with an anti-fungal cleanser and a scrub brush. You can read about mold removal products here.
Removing mold from heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems is complicated and not a do-it-yourself project for most homeowners. If there is mold in your HVAC system, you'll need to call in an experienced professional with all the necessary equipment.
If you feel overwhelmed by the basement mold removal process, that's understandable. It can be a very big job. If you think you might need help with the job, we suggest scheduling a free consultation with a mold remediation professional.
Note that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) also recommends seeking professional help if:
An experienced mold remediation professional will visit your home, inspect for mold, and advise you about the work that needs to be done. There is no cost and no obligation on your part. To find qualified mold removal professionals offering free consultations and inspections in your area, just follow the link.